Small retaining gabion wall

Gabion retaining wall dressed with local river stones

Gabions are robust wire baskets filled with aggregate or timber. They are relatively easy to install and make fantastic wildlife habitat.

John Little calls them a “unit of structural habitat”. Here are some habitats you can include:

They are also great for filling with recyled “waste” aggregate.


Illusration for gabion retaining walls

Useful construction illustration for gabion retaining wall from

I used Materials for custom building your own gabions:


  1. Use minimum 4mm gauge, 3mm bends too easily.
  2. Face aggregate nicely, prevents bending. Infill with smaller aggregate.
  3. Put in supporting ties on expansive parts, minimises bowing.
  4. Incorporate wildlife features.
  5. Use diversity recycled materials artfully.